Kirtland, OH- Kirtland Safety Society Bank $2 March 9, 1837 G4 Wolka 1424-06
    In 1836 Mormon Church elders, led by Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr. and Sidney Rigdon (as cashier for the bank), sent their designees to Columbus, Ohio (chaired by Orson Hyde) to seek a state bank charter. Simultaneously, the other group of elders (led by Oliver Cowdery) went to Underwood, Bald, Spencer & Hufty in Philadelphia to contract for engraved plates, proofs and the sheet printing from the four plates purchased. Having the plates engraved and printed was easily accomplished. However, officials at the State Capitol in Columbus required specie or other collateralization to protect the circulation and denied the charter. Regardless, their notes were already printed and ready to issue, and the bank began operations. Early $1, $2, and $3 notes were stamped "Anti-Banking Co." in diminutive letters to comply with or skirt the law, depending on one's viewpoint. The vast majority of Kirtland notes, from $1 to $100, were dated and emitted in March 1837, though some are dated earlier. The bank, of course, did not survive the nationwide bank panic in 1837, although Smith had guaranteed the notes would one day "be as good as gold." The lack of specie caused the bank's failure and was a large factor in the Mormon migration from Ohio to their eventual settlement in Salt Lake City. The $2 is a scarcer denomination in any grade with PCGS grading this example Apparent Fine 15 due to minor edge damage and ink erosion in Rigdon's signature.

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